Nephrology is the medical specialty that studies the anatomy of the kidneys and their functions. Its main objective is the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases and their consequences.
It is necessary to go to a nephrologist for symptoms of kidney disease such as:
- Anemia with unknown cause.
- Low Back Pain.
- Urine Color Changes.
- Urine with Blood.
- Decrease or Increase urination frequency.
- Weight loss with no apparent reason.
- Threw up.
- Fluid retention.
The diseases that the nephrologist treats are:
- Acute or chronic kidney failure.
- Kidney stones.
- Hematuria (Blood loss through urine)
- Hypertensive kidney damage due to high blood pressure.
- Electrolyte imbalance.
- Kidney blood vessel disease.
- Polycystic kidney disease.
- Nephrotic syndrome (loss of too much protein in the urine)
- Advanced age
- Blockages in the blood vessels of the arms and legs (peripheral arterial disease)
- High blood pressure
- Heart failure
- Kidney diseases
- Liver diseases