The specialized medical consultation of cardiology is the initial approach between the cardiologists and the patient. It is an essential initial step that will allow to set the cardiovascular condition of the person who comes to consultation.
The medical consultation of cardiology is advisable to perform it regular in those people who have a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, and the periodicity with which it should be performed, has to be recommended by the attending cardiologists according to the kind and severity of the patient's illness. The specialized medical evaluation is also indicated in those people who has symptoms that suggest existing of cardiovascular disease, such as chest pain, palpitations, difficulty breathing (at rest or with exercise), altered consciousness condition, muscle fatigue without clear reason frequent headache, among others. Alike, people who do not have symptoms can also go to a cardiology clinic to perform a preventive test to establish their cardiovascular condition, especially those over 45 years, especially if they have a cardiovascular risk factor, such as smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes Mellitus, high cholesterol, and family history of coronary heart disease at an early age. In the initial consultation, the cardiologists will carry out a detailed questioning about the symptoms, history of personal and family illnesses, with special emphasis on detecting an important antecedent that can be considered as a cardiovascular risk factor.
According to the symptoms that give rise to consultation, the findings during the interrogation and in the physical review, the need for complementary diagnostic studies will be indicated if required.